Increment/decrement Operators

Increment operators are used to increase the value of the variable by one and decrement operators are used to decrease the value of the variable by one in C programs.

Syntax:

Increment operator:   ++var_name;          (or) var_name ++;

Decrement operator:  — var_name;          (or) var_name – -;

Example:

Increment operator :  ++ i ;    i ++ ;

Decrement operator :  – – i ;   i – – ;

EXAMPLE PROGRAM FOR INCREMENT OPERATORS IN C:

In this program, value of “i” is incremented one by one from 1 up to 9 using “i++” operator and output is displayed as “1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9”.

//Example for increment operators

#include <stdio.h>

int main()

{

int i=1;

while(i<10)

{

printf(“%d “,i);

i++;

}

}

OUTPUT:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

EXAMPLE PROGRAM FOR DECREMENT OPERATORS IN C:

In this program, value of “I” is decremented one by one from 20 up to 11 using “i–” operator and output is displayed as “20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11”.

/Example for decrement operators

#include <stdio.h>

int main()

{

int i=20;

while(i>10)

{

printf(“%d “,i);

i–;

}

}

OUTPUT:

20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PRE/POST INCREMENT & DECREMENT OPERATORS IN C:

Below table will explain the difference between pre/post increment and decrement operators in C programming language.

             Operator  Operator/Description
Pre increment operator (++i) value of i is incremented before assigning it to the variable i
Post increment operator (i++) value of i is incremented after assigning it to the variable i
Pre decrement operator (–i) value of i is decremented before assigning it to the variable i
Post decrement operator (i–) value of i is decremented after assigning it to variable i